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中南大学学报(英文版)

Journal of Central South University

Vol. 21    No. 5    May 2014

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Fast image matching algorithm based on affine invariants
ZHANG Yi(张毅)1, 2, LU Kai(卢凯)1, 2, GAO Ying-hui(高颖慧)3

1. National Laboratory for Parallel and Distributed Processing (National University of Defense Technology),
Changsha 410073, China;
2. College of Computer, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China;
3. College of Electronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology,
Changsha 410073, China

Abstract:Feature-based image matching algorithms play an indispensable role in automatic target recognition (ATR). In this work, a fast image matching algorithm (FIMA) is proposed which utilizes the geometry feature of extended centroid (EC) to build affine invariants. Based on affine invariants of the length ratio of two parallel line segments, FIMA overcomes the invalidation problem of the state-of-the-art algorithms based on affine geometry features, and increases the feature diversity of different targets, thus reducing misjudgment rate during recognizing targets. However, it is found that FIMA suffers from the parallelogram contour problem and the coincidence invalidation. An advanced FIMA is designed to cope with these problems. Experiments prove that the proposed algorithms have better robustness for Gaussian noise, gray-scale change, contrast change, illumination and small three-dimensional rotation. Compared with the latest fast image matching algorithms based on geometry features, FIMA reaches the speedup of approximate 1.75 times. Thus, FIMA would be more suitable for actual ATR applications.

 

Key words: affine invariants; image matching; extended centroid; robustness; performance

中南大学学报(自然科学版)
  ISSN 1672-7207
CN 43-1426/N
ZDXZAC
中南大学学报(英文版)
  ISSN 2095-2899
CN 43-1516/TB
JCSTFT
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