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中南大学学报(英文版)

Journal of Central South University

Vol. 21    No. 6    June 2014

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Assessment of heavy metal pollution in sediments from Xiangjiang River (China) using sequential extraction and lead isotope analysis
JIANG Bo-feng(蒋博峰)1, 2, SUN Wei-ling(孙卫玲)1, 2

1. Key Laboratory of Water and Sediment Sciences of Ministry of Education (Peking University),
Beijing 100871, China;
2. Department of Environmental Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China

Abstract:The heavy metal (such as Cr, Ni, Cu, Cd, Pb, and Zn) concentration, speciation, and pollution source in 43 sediment samples from the Xiangjiang River were investigated using sequential extraction combined with Pb isotope analysis. Cu, Cd, Pb, and Zn concentrations are higher than their background values, while Cr and Ni concentrations are close to those. Sequential extraction demonstrates that heavy metals have different fractions, showing different bioavailabilities. The w(206Pb)/w(207Pb) ratio increases with decreasing bioavailability in the order of exchangeable<carbonate≈Fe-Mn oxides≈organic<residual (p<0.05). Wastewater, dust, and slag from mining and smelting areas, and the residual Pb are assumed to be the primary anthropogenic and natural sources of Pb, respectively. The percentages of anthropogenic Pb in the exchangeable, carbonate, Fe-Mn oxides, and organic fractions are (91.5±16.7)%, (61.1±13.9)%, (57.4±11.1)%, and (55.5±11.2)%, respectively, suggesting a significant input of anthropogenic Pb in these four fractions.

 

Key words: sediment; heavy metals; sequential extraction; lead isotope

中南大学学报(自然科学版)
  ISSN 1672-7207
CN 43-1426/N
ZDXZAC
中南大学学报(英文版)
  ISSN 2095-2899
CN 43-1516/TB
JCSTFT
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