自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
英文版编委
自然科学版 英文版
英文版首届青年编委

您目前所在的位置:首页 - 期刊简介 - 详细页面

中南大学学报(自然科学版)

Journal of Central South University

第46卷    第5期    总第249期    2015年5月

[PDF全文下载]    [Flash在线阅读]

    

文章编号:1672-7207(2015)05-1799-07
压入式通风独头巷道内氡及其子体浓度的计算模型与其分布规律
叶勇军1, 2,丁德馨2,王立恒1,李向阳1,谢东1,钟永明1,赵娅利1

(1. 南华大学 环境保护与安全工程学院,湖南 衡阳,421001;
2. 南华大学 铀矿冶生物技术国防重点学科实验室,湖南 衡阳,421001
)

摘 要: 通过一定初始浓度的氡在0~14 400 s内累积衰变产生的氡子体 潜能浓度的理论计算值,建立氡子体 潜能浓度与氡浓度和累积衰变时间之间的简化数学关系;依据独头巷道内氡及氡子体的来源,分别建立压入式通风方式下巷道内通风风流中氡浓度与氡子体 潜能浓度的数学计算模型;针对具体的独头巷道,研究不同通风量、岩壁氡析出率和有无矿堆情况下整个巷道内氡浓度和氡子体 潜能浓度分布规律。研究结果表明:压入通风方式的独头巷道内,氡浓度及氡子体 潜能浓度均随着岩壁氡析出率和风流流动距离的增大而增大,随着通风风量的增大而减小;工作面矿堆析出的氡能迅速导致风流中氡浓度的增大,而其产生的氡子体 潜能浓度随着风流流动距离增加逐渐增大;

 

关键词: 独头巷道;氡及氡子体;压入式通风;计算模型

Calculation model of radon and its daughters concentration in blind roadway with forced ventilation and their distribution rule
YE Yongjun1, 2, DING Dexin2, WANG Liheng1, LI Xiangyang1, XIE Dong1, ZHONG Yongming1, ZHAO Yali1

1. School of Environment Protection and Safety Engineering, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China;
2. Key Discipline Laboratory for National Defense for Biotechnology in Uranium Mining and Hydrometallurgy, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China

Abstract:Through the theoretical calculation values of accumulated potential energy concentration of radon daughters decayed by radon with given initial concentration 0-14 400 s, a simplified mathematical relationship between potential energy concentration of radon daughters and radon concentration and cumulative decay time was identified. According to sources of radon and its daughters in blind roadway, mathematical calculation models of radon concentration and potential energy concentration of radon daughters in the ventilation air of blind roadway with forced ventilation were established respectively. The calculation models were applied to a specific blind roadway with forced ventilation, and the distribution rules of radon concentration and potential energy concentration of radon daughters in the roadway were discussed. The results show that radon concentration and potential energy concentration of radon daughters increase with the increase of the radon exhalation rate of roadway wall or the flowing distance of ventilation air, but they decrease with the increase of ventilation air flow; radon coming from ore heap can cause the sudden increase of radon concentration in the working face, and the potential energy concentration of radon daughters gradually increase with the increase of the flowing distance of ventilation air.

 

Key words: blind roadway; radon and its daughters; forced ventilation; calculation model

中南大学学报(自然科学版)
  ISSN 1672-7207
CN 43-1426/N
ZDXZAC
中南大学学报(英文版)
  ISSN 2095-2899
CN 43-1516/TB
JCSTFT
版权所有:《中南大学学报(自然科学版、英文版)》编辑部
地 址:湖南省长沙市中南大学 邮编: 410083
电 话: 0731-88879765(中) 88836963(英) 传真: 0731-88877727
电子邮箱:zngdxb@csu.edu.cn 湘ICP备09001153号