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中南大学学报(自然科学版)

Journal of Central South University

第47卷    第5期    总第261期    2016年5月

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文章编号:1672-7207(2016)05-1708-07
考虑降雨及开挖影响下的厚覆盖层边坡渗流特征及稳定性
李涛1, 2

(1. 浙江海洋大学 海运与港航建筑工程学院,浙江 舟山,316022;
2. 浙江通衢交通建设监理咨询有限公司,浙江 衢州,324000
)

摘 要: 基于厚覆盖层边坡失稳机理,结合广西桂林—北海高速公路某覆盖层路堑边坡实地情况,设计雨型相同但降雨量不同的3种方案。采用有限元计算软件对考虑降雨及开挖影响下的厚覆盖层边坡渗流特征及稳定性进行研究。研究结果表明:对于形式为“覆盖层土体+基岩”的边坡,其在强降雨作用下坡脚内部浸润线呈“J”形变化;坡脚土体饱和后浸润线沿土-岩交界面向上移动;在同等条件下,边坡开挖导致降雨入渗速度加快,浸润线呈的“J”形变化的特征更明显,且上升高度较开挖前有所提高;决定边坡初始状态下稳定性的主要因素有降雨初始强度与边坡开挖状态,而决定边坡稳定性变化幅度的主要因素为降雨强度与降雨持续时间。

 

关键词: 降雨入渗;边坡开挖;覆盖层边坡;渗流特征;边坡稳定性

Seepage characteristics and stability of overburden slope considering rainfall and excavation
LI Tao1, 2

1. School of Maritime and Civil Engineering, Zhejiang Ocean University, Zhoushan 316022, China;
2. Zhejiang Tongqu Communications Construction Supervision Co. Ltd, Quzhou 324000, China

Abstract:Based on the slope failure mechanism of overburden slope, combined with the cut overburden slope on the ground of Guihai expressway in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, three rainfall schemes were designed. Using finite element analysis software, the thick overburden slope seepage characteristics and stability were studied considering the effects of precipitation and excavation. The results show that for the form of “overburden soil+bedrock” slope, the saturation line in the toe of slope changes as a “J” shape in the condition of intensive rainfall. When the soil in the toe of slope is saturated, the saturation line moves up along the soil-rock interface. Under the same condition, the excavation of slope makes rainfall infiltration faster, the “J” shape of saturation line is more obvious, and the saturation line is higher after excavation. Dominant factors of slope stability in the initial condition are the initial intensity of the rainfall and the condition of slope excavation, dominant factors of change rate of slope stability are the rainfall intensity and rainfall duration.

 

Key words: rainfall infiltration; slope excavation; overburden slope; seepage characteristics; slope stability

中南大学学报(自然科学版)
  ISSN 1672-7207
CN 43-1426/N
ZDXZAC
中南大学学报(英文版)
  ISSN 2095-2899
CN 43-1516/TB
JCSTFT
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