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中南大学学报(英文版)

Journal of Central South University

Vol. 25    No. 7    July 2018

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Biodegradation of ethylthionocarbamates by a mixed culture of iron-reducing bacteria enriched from tailings dam sediments
CHEN Shao-hua(陈绍华), SUN Yan(孙燕), XIONG Ling(熊玲)

Key Laboratory of Catalysis and Materials Science of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission and Ministry of Education, College of Resources and Environmental Science,
South-Central University for Nationalities, Wuhan 430074, China

Abstract:Ethylthionocarbamates (ETC), which is the most widely used as collectors in the flotation of sulfide, is known to cause serious pollution to soil and groundwater. The potential biodegradation of ETC was evaluated by applying a mixed culture of iron-reducing bacteria (IRB) enriched from tailings dam sediments. The results showed that ETC can be degraded by IRB coupled to Fe(III) reduction, both of which can be increased in the presence of anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS). Moreover, Fe(III)-EDTA was found to be a more favorable terminal electron acceptor compared to α-Fe2O3, e.g., within 30 d, 72% of ETC was degraded when α-Fe2O3+AQDS was applied, while it is 82.67% when Fe(III)-EDTA+AQDS is added. The dynamic models indicated that the kETC degradation was decreased in the order of Fe(III)-EDTA+AQDS>α-Fe2O3+AQDS>Fe(III)-EDTA>α-Fe2O3, with the corresponding maximum biodegradation rates being 2.6, 2.45, 2.4 and 2.0 mg/(L·d), respectively, and positive parallel correlations could be observed between kFe(III) and kETC. These findings demonstrate that IRB has a good application prospect in flotation wastewater.

 

Key words: ethylthionocarbamates; biodegradation; iron-reducing bacteria; anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate

中南大学学报(自然科学版)
  ISSN 1672-7207
CN 43-1426/N
ZDXZAC
中南大学学报(英文版)
  ISSN 2095-2899
CN 43-1516/TB
JCSTFT
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