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中南大学学报(英文版)

Journal of Central South University

Vol. 25    No. 11    November 2018

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Bidirectional secondary transmissions with energy harvesting in cognitive wireless sensor networks
TANG Kun(唐锟)1, SHI Rong-hua(施荣华)1, ZHANG Ming-ying(张明英)2, SHI He-yuan(施鹤远)3, LEI Wen-tai(雷文太)1

1. School of Information Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. China Electronics Standardization Institute, Beijing 100007, China;
3. School of Software, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

Abstract:To the existing spectrum sharing schemes in wireless-powered cognitive wireless sensor networks, the protocols are limited to either separate the primary and the secondary transmission or allow the secondary user to transmit signals in a time slot when it forwards the primary signal. In order to address this limitation, a novel cooperative spectrum sharing scheme is proposed, where the secondary transmission is multiplexed with both the primary transmission and the relay transmission. Specifically, the process of transmission is on a three-phase time-switching relaying basis. In the first phase, a cognitive sensor node SU1 scavenges energy from the primary transmission. In the second phase, another sensor node SU2 and primary transmitter simultaneously transmit signals to the SU1. In the third phase, the node SU1 can assist the primary transmission to acquire the opportunity of spectrum sharing. Joint decoding and interference cancellation technique is adopted at the receivers to retrieve the desired signals. We further derive the closed-form expressions for the outage probabilities of both the primary and secondary systems. Moreover, we address optimization of energy harvesting duration and power allocation coefficient strategy under performance criteria. An effective algorithm is then presented to solve the optimization problem. Simulation results demonstrate that with the optimized solutions, the sensor nodes with the proposed cooperative spectrum sharing scheme can utilize the spectrum in a more efficient manner without deteriorating the performance of the primary transmission, as compared with the existing one-directional scheme in the literature.

 

Key words: cooperative transmission; cognitive wireless sensor network; time-switching relaying; wireless energy harvesting; joint optimization

中南大学学报(自然科学版)
  ISSN 1672-7207
CN 43-1426/N
ZDXZAC
中南大学学报(英文版)
  ISSN 2095-2899
CN 43-1516/TB
JCSTFT
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