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中南大学学报(英文版)

Journal of Central South University

Vol. 25    No. 12    December 2018

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Geotechnical characterization of red shale and its indication for ground control in deep underground mining
WANG Dong-yi(王栋毅)1, LI Xi-bing(李夕兵)1, PENG Kang(彭康)2, 3, MA Chun-de(马春德)1, ZHANG Zhen-yu(张振宇)2, 3, LIU Xiao-qian(刘晓茜)2

1. School of Resources and Safety Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. State Key Laboratory of Coal Mine Disaster Dynamics and Control, Chongqing University,
Chongqing 400044, China;
3. College of Resources and Environmental Science, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China

Abstract:Geotechnical properties of red shale encountered in deep underground mining were characterized on both laboratory and field scale to reveal its unfavorably in geoenvironment. Its constituents, microstructure, strength properties and water-weakening properties were investigated. In situ stress environment and mining-induced fractured damage zone after excavation were studied to reveal the instability mechanism. The results show that red shale contains swelling and loose clayey minerals as interstitial filling material, producing low shear strength of microstructure and making it vulnerable to water. Macroscopically, a U-shaped curve of uniaxial compressive strength (UCS) exists with the increase of the angle between macro weakness plane and the horizon. However, its tensile strength reduced monotonically with this angle. While immersed in water for 72 h, its UCS reduced by 91.9% comparing to the natural state. Field sonic tests reveal that an asymmetrical geometrical profile of fractured damage zone of gateroad was identified due to geological bedding plane and detailed gateroad layout with regards to the direction of major principle stress. Therefore, red shale is a kind of engineering soft rock. For ground control in underground mining or similar applications, water inflow within several hours of excavation must strictly be prevented and energy adsorbing rock bolt is recommended, especially in large deformation part of gateroad.

 

Key words: red shale; soft rock; deep mining; geotechnical characterization; ground control

中南大学学报(自然科学版)
  ISSN 1672-7207
CN 43-1426/N
ZDXZAC
中南大学学报(英文版)
  ISSN 2095-2899
CN 43-1516/TB
JCSTFT
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