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中南大学学报(英文版)

Journal of Central South University

Vol. 25    No. 12    December 2018

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Superior Au-adsorption performance of aminothiourea-modified waste cellulosic biomass
WANG Fu-chun(王福春)1, ZHAO Jun-mei(赵君梅)2, WANG Wan-kun(王万坤)1, LIU Hui-zhou(刘会洲)2

1. School of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, Guizhou Institute of Technology,
Guiyang 550003, China;
2. Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China

Abstract:Waste cellulosic biomass obtains various applications due to low-cost and eco-benign characteristics. A general strategy is proposed for waste cellulosic biomass to be modified with dialdehyde functional groups as intermediates through periodate partial oxidation. Finally, aminothiourea-modified waste cellulosic biomass can be prepared through Schiff reaction. Waste corn stalk, cotton and paper as typical precursors, were used to prepare cellulosic biomass, abbreviated as AT-S, AT-C and AT-P, respectively, and their adsorption behaviors of Au(III) from the hydrochloric acid medium were investigated. The pseudo-second kinetics equation as well as the Langmuir isotherm equation can be used to depict the adsorption process, and the maximum adsorption capacities of Au(III) are 21.4, 19.0 and 3.28 mol/kg for AT-S, AT-C and AT-P at 298 K, respectively. The adsorption capacities of Au(III) on aminothiourea modified corn stalk (AT-S) is almost 357 times greater than that of raw corn stalk. To the best of our knowledge, AT-S has the highest adsorption capacity towards Au(III). AT-S also displays a superior separation selectivity towards Au(III) in the presence of Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Pt(VI), Pd(II) and Rh(III). Furthermore, the characterization analysis of XRD, TG, SEM, TEM and FTIR confirms that AuCl4 has been reduced to elemental Au nanoparticles and deposit onto the surface of the biomass. It shows a prospect for waste corn stalk to be used to adsorb Au(III) from liquid phase and the possible fabrication of gold nanoparticles by a general adsorption process without any reductant.

 

Key words: adsorption; reduction-deposition; waste cellulosic biomass; aminothiourea; gold nanoparticles

中南大学学报(自然科学版)
  ISSN 1672-7207
CN 43-1426/N
ZDXZAC
中南大学学报(英文版)
  ISSN 2095-2899
CN 43-1516/TB
JCSTFT
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