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中南大学学报(英文版)

Journal of Central South University

Vol. 27    No. 7    July 2020

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Improved method for determining active earth pressure considering arching effect and actual slip surface
HE Zhong-ming(何忠明)1, LIU Zheng-fu(刘正夫)1, LIU Xiao-hong(刘晓红)2, BIAN Han-bing(卞汉兵)3

1. School of Traffic & Transportation Engineering, Changsha University of Science & Technology,Changsha 410114, China;
2. College of Construction and Engineering, Hunan Institute of Science and Technology,
Yueyang 414006, China;
3. Laboratory of Civil Engineering and Geo-environment, University of Lille, Lille 59000, France

Abstract:To determine the distribution of active earth pressure on retaining walls, a series of model tests with the horizontally translating rigid walls are designed. Particle image velocimetry is used to study the movement and shear strain during the active failure of soil with height H and friction angle φ. The test results show that there are 3 stages of soil deformation under retaining wall translation: the initial stage, the expansion stage and the stability stage. The stable sliding surface in the model tests can be considered to be composed of two parts. Within the height range of 0.82H-1.0H, it is a plane at an angle of π/4+φ/2 to the horizontal plane. In the height range of 0-0.82H, it is a curve between a logarithmic spiral and a plane at an angle of π/4+φ/2 to the horizontal. A new method applicable to any sliding surface is proposed for active earth pressure with the consideration of arching effect. The active earth pressure is computed with the actual shape of the slip surface and compared with model test data and with predictions obtained by existing methods. The comparison shows that predictions from the newly proposed method are more consistent with the measured data than the predictions from the other methods.

 

Key words: particle image velocimetry; retaining wall; soil arching effect; active earth pressure

中南大学学报(自然科学版)
  ISSN 1672-7207
CN 43-1426/N
ZDXZAC
中南大学学报(英文版)
  ISSN 2095-2899
CN 43-1516/TB
JCSTFT
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