自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版

您目前所在的位置:首页 - 期刊简介 - 详细页面

中南大学学报(自然科学版)

Journal of Central South University

第40卷    第2期    总第186期    2009年4月

[PDF全文下载]    [Flash在线阅读]

    

文章编号:1672−7207(2009)02−0263−05
利用微泡浮选柱从浮选尾矿中回收微细粒级白钨矿
黄光耀,冯其明,欧乐明,卢毅屏,张国范

(中南大学 资源加工与生物工程学院,湖南 长沙,410083)

摘 要: 针对湖南安化湘安钨业公司白钨浮选尾矿中微细粒级未能在浮选机中有效分选的特点,研究开发一种微泡浮选柱,该浮选柱采用微孔材质发泡,并利用专家系统控制浮选柱关键工作参数。半工业试验获得了较适宜的柱浮选工作参数:表观矿浆速率为0.27 cm/s,表观气体速率为1.35 cm/s。工业试验获得的精矿品位可达24.52%,回收率为43.41%,富集比达35.03。水析试验结果表明:5~10,10~19和19~38 μm 3个粒级的回收率均达到65%以上。试验测得的浮选柱内气泡的Sauter直径为400 μm,仅为机械搅拌浮选机气泡的1/3,气泡直径减小促使浮选速率常数k显著增大,这是浮选柱能有效回收微细粒级白钨矿的主要原因。

 

关键字: 微细矿物;浮选柱;白钨矿;浮选尾矿;二次资源利用

Recovery of fine scheelites from flotation tailings by
 flotation column
HUANG Guang-yao, FENG Qi-ming, OU Le-ming, LU Yi-ping, ZHANG Guo-fan

School of Resources Processing and Bioengineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract: In order to recover fine scheelites from flotation tailings of cleaner circuit, a novel flotation column, which using microcellular material as bubble generator and using expert system to control key work parameters of the column, was manufactured. Pilot and full scale column flotation experiments were carried out, and interrelated work parameters of the column were obtained. The optimum work parameters are as follows: the superficial velocity of the feed 0.27 cm/s and the superficial velocity of air 1.57 cm/s. The recovery of WO­3 reaches 43.41% with an average grade of 24.52%, and the enrichment ratio reaches 35.03. The recoveries of three different size fraction, 5−10 μm, 10−19 μm and 19−38 μm, all reach 65%. Sauter diameter of the bubbles in the column is about 400 μm, and smaller diameter make the flotation rate constant k increases greatly, improving flotation performance, which is the key reason that fine scheelites can be recovered.

 

Key words: fine particles; flotation column; scheelite; flotation tailings; recycling

中南大学学报(自然科学版)
  ISSN 1672-7207
CN 43-1426/N
ZDXZAC
中南大学学报(英文版)
  ISSN 2095-2899
CN 43-1516/TB
JCSTFT
版权所有:《中南大学学报(自然科学版、英文版)》编辑部
地 址:湖南省长沙市中南大学 邮编: 410083
电 话: 0731-88879765 传真: 0731-88877727
电子邮箱:zngdxb@csu.edu.cn 湘ICP备09001153号